Polish archaeologists ‘strong force’ in unearthing ancient Egypt

Polish archaeologists are a “very strong force” in unearthing secrets of the ancient Egyptian civilization, Professor Christiana Köhler, a special guest at a conference on ancient Egypt, told Poland In English in an exclusive interview.

Professor Köhler, the Director of the Institute for Egyptology in the University of Vienna, praised especially the recent work of Polish archaeologists at Tell el-Farkha in the Nile Delta, which, according to her, is “one of the key sites the answers related to the history of northern Egypt come from.”

The top archaeology expert pointed out the role of the Polish team in Tell el-Farkha, as well as the neighboring Tell el-Mura, led by Professor Krzysztof Ciałowicz and Dr Marek Chłodnicki, in laying the foundations for what is now a regularly held international conference “Origin of the State, Predynastic and Early Dynastic Egypt”. The conference rotates between various cities in Europe, North America and Egypt and is considered to be one of the most important venues for the researchers of ancient Egypt in the whole world. The first conference in the series took place in Kraków, in southern Poland in 2002.

For the Polish archaeologists, this year’s “Poles on the Nile 2017/2018” conference, held from June 11-13 in the Institute of Archeology at the University of Warsaw, was an occasion to sum up their recent work on Egypt and Sudan.

The topics covered a time span from the Prehistoric Egyptian cultures to Christian communities of the 16th century and included research on Makuria kingdom and the ancient city of Meroe.

Prehistoric societies in Bayuda Desert (in present-day Sudan), Nubian textile and pottery industry, Sudanese mummies, sarcophagi of the 21st Dynasty of Egypt, ritual topography of the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes, recent works in the tomb of Ramesses VI and the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, pharaonic graffiti in ancient Egyptian town of Gebelein, 3D reconstruction of St Catherine’s Monastery in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula as well as recent excavations in Dongola and Berenike also got mentioned at the conference in the Polish capital.

Professor Köhler gave a lecture titled “Wadi el-Sheikh: exploring ancient chert mines in the Eastern Desert of Egypt.”

Chert is a fine-grained sedimentary rock.