Great losses: Polish war damages report published

The material damage to residential and non-residential buildings was estimated at PLN 52 bn. Photo: Wikimedia Commons/Sylwester Braun

More than five million Polish citizens died and the losses in municipal real estate amounted to PLN 52 bn (EUR 12.1 bn) at modern-day rates, of which almost PLN 36 bn (EUR 8.4 bn) concerned Warsaw, according to a report published by a special parliamentary team on Friday.

Polish war losses report to be published early 2019

“We want to publish a report on Polish war losses at the beginning of the next year,” the ruling Law and Justice party (PiS) MP Arkadiusz Mularczyk...

see more

The team assessing the compensation owed to Poland by Germany for damages caused during WWII was set up at the initiative of the Law and Justice ruling party in September 2017.

The representatives of the team stressed that the figures are preliminary and still subject to verification.

It was noted in the report that 70 percent of victims were residents of towns and 30 percent were from rural areas. Estimates show that as many as 90 percent of Polish Jews were murdered.

The highest losses were borne by the Polish intelligentsia – professors, teachers, priests, rabbis, who were feared as possible rebellion leaders.

The material damage to residential and non-residential buildings was estimated at PLN 52 bn, of which PLN 36 bn concerned Warsaw.

Losses to rail transport amounted to as much as PLN 68 bn, the team estimated, adding that losses to road transport stood at PLN 29 bn. Losses to agriculture were around PLN 53 bn.

Further works

The head of the team, Arkadiusz Mularczyk, stressed that the team is fully aware of the need for completing the report.

“Even today's information on demographic losses shows that in the 1940s the statistics on those losses were falsified, and some losses caused by the Soviet army were ascribed to the Germans,” he said.

Mr Mularczyk stated that a more comprehensive report will be presented next year.

In late July, Mr Mularczyk said that a similar report on war losses caused by the Soviet Union should be prepared in the next parliamentary term, following the next general elections slated for 2019.