The upper house of the Polish parliament, the Senate, unanimously adopted a resolution to declare 2019 the Year of Stanisław Moniuszko, a renowned composer, conductor, and teacher.
“Making 2019 the year of Stanisław Moniuszko will not only help to shed light on the life and rich legacy of the exceptional composer but will also show to Poles a patriotic attitude and the need among artists to draw inspiration from the Polish culture”, the Senate resolution reads.
Next year will mark the bicentenary of Moniuszko’s birth, who was born in Ubiel, today’s Belarus, on May 5, 1819. He is commonly referred to as "the father of the Polish national opera", with his major works including: “Halka”, “The Haunted Manor”, and “Paria”.
The source of Moniuszko's melodies and rhythmic patterns often lies in Polish musical folklore. Musical forms often incorporated in his works include polonaise and mazurka which were popular among the upper classes, as well as folk tunes and dances such as kujawiak and krakowiak. Apart from operas, he composed chamber pieces, religious songs and patriotic music reflecting the history of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Moniuszko died of a heart attack on June 4, 1872. He rests at Warsaw’s Powązki Cemetery.
The bicentenary of his birth in 2019 has been included on a list of UNESCO-sponsored anniversaries as a result of a joint initiative by Poland, Lithuania and Belarus.