PolandIN spoke with Klaudia Klimek from the Social and Cultural Association of Jews in Poland, about the anti-semitic context of the events of March 1968, when several thousand Jewish people fled the country as a result of an anti-semitic campaign launched by the then ruling communist party.
This conflict had its roots in the fact that many communists, of Jewish origin, took part in Stalinist purges against communists, with a Polish nationalist background, back in the 1940s.
The 1968 campaign, initiated by nationalist elements inside the Polish communist party, used the Israeli-Arab war of 1967 to question the loyalty of Jews towards Poland and the USSR. Poland backed the Arab side during the 1967 war. The leader of the communist party, Władysław Gomułka, argued that Jews constituted a ‘fifth column’ inside Poland.
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