Polish archaeologists help uncover ancient vineyard

A joint team of Polish and Georgian archaeologists uncovered the ruins of a medieval vineyard on the site of the ancient city of Nekresi, Georgia.

The vineyard was found on the site where a Zoroastrian temple was discovered a few years ago. Archaeological finds suggest the vineyard was placed on the site of the temple in the eighth century. The researchers have also cleared the remnants of the temple from plant growth.

The ruins of Nekresi are located on the Alazani plain, around 150 kilometres east of Tbilisi. A thick forest growing in the area complicates excavation works.

Defensive walls, around 1.5 metres thick, were also discovered in the city.

According to the scientists, Nekresi used to be an important market town on the silk road. The city was founded around the 1st century BC by the ruler of the ancient kingdom of Iberia. It was devastated in the eight century by earthquakes and Arab invasions and largely forgotten. Written sources on Nekresi are scarce, making the archaeological research so important.

The excavations begun in September of 2019. The project is scheduled to take 5 years.