Poland’s use of just under 350,000 Terajoules of renewable energy in 2018, was 13 percent more than in 2014, but overall energy use has also increased, statistics show.
With the economy growing at an average of 3-5 percent over the past four years, and overall electricity use growing by 1.76 percent, Poland is unlikely to meet its reduced 2020 target of a 15 percent share of renewables for overall electricity generation.
In Poland the largest source of renewable energy is solid biomass (such as wood and plant-based products), which accounts for over 70 percent of its consumption. Wind power is in second place, at 13 percent, while usage of liquid biofuels like vegetable oil accounts for just under 11 percent.
Poland’s greatest success over 2018 was a 40 percent increase in the use of renewables in transport. Renewables now account for 5.63 percent of the mix. The greatest impact in this area has been in urban mass transport. The 2020 target of ten percent, seems unattainable, however.
Scandinavian, Baltic and Balkan countries rule the roost in the EU as far as renewables are concerned, with hydroelectric power being a key factor. In Croatia, the leader of the pack, hydroelectric plants account for 57 percent of power, while Denmark has become a global power in wind power and use of biomass. But in terms of overall energy use, according to the 2016 World Factbook, Finland uses over three times as much electrical energy per head than Poland, while Sweden uses nearly eight times as much.
Stragglers in this regard tend to be countries with inclement climates, which are richer in fossil fuel deposits, such as Holland, which was 7.4 percent percentage points short of its 2020 target of 20 percent according to 2017, with France, Ireland and the UK also not faring well.
In overall terms, Poland’s total energy consumption per head was 65th in the world despite being the 23rd largest economy in 2016.